Jatiluwih Rice Terrace
To know the history of Jatiluwih wholly based on the stories of parents who are residents of the village of Jatiluwih. Said that the story of the name Jatiluwih is derived from JATON and LUWIH. "Jaton" means amulet, while "Luwih" means good, From the meaning of that words it can be concluded that the Jatiluwih has a meaning is a village that has amulets were really good/powerful or intestate.
From other sources told that it is said in the middle of the village there is a graveyard of ancient animals of bird JATAYU. From this Jatayu word gradually changed the pronunciation became JATON AYUmeaning Luwih or Good. So JATON AYU equal to JATILUWIH. This is how the word Jatiluwih since the first set to be the name of the village and to this day has never changed.
From the meaning of Jatiluwih, until now can be evidenced by the results of the farming and gardening are sufficient to meet the necessities of life and prosperity for all its people and ensuring safety for the population during the run to farm life. So at the time past many are coming into Jatiluwih of the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Sudras, and Wesia with expectations for the safety and prosperity of each of their group.
Finally, they set up temples which are now located in the region of the village of Jatiluwih like Pura Luhur Petali temple, Pura Luhur Bhujangga Waishnawa temple, Pura Rshi temple, Pura Taksu temple and other shrines around the region.
In terms of geography, Jatiluwih has an area of approximately 33.22 km2, with a height of approximately 1,059 meters or 3.476 feet above sea level. Jatiluwih has a tropical climate at almost throughout most months of the year, there was significant rainfall in this area, the annual temperature is an average of 19.0° C.
Jatiluwih is an agricultural area with rice farmers as the majority of the population. Aside from being a producer of rice and red rice from broad and large paddy field terraces, this region also produces other crops such as vegetables, coconut, coffee, bananas, etc.
Other than that, at this point in the community of Jatiluwih also have formed groups of farmers who will then be able to increase the income of the community as a fish farmer groups, livestock groups, etc. A Community organization that specifically regulate irrigation systems which are used in rice farming in Jatiluwih and in all around Bali island is referred to as Subak.
World Cultural Heritage (UNESCO)
Jatiluwih village has been defined by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site since June 29, 2012 because it has a unique farm with traditional irrigation system which is using the concept of Tri Hita Karana philosophy (the philosophy of harmony between man and his neighbor, man and nature, as well as human and The Creator).
Jatiluwih rice terrace is part in the area of Subak Landscape of Catur Angga Batukaru which is one of five regions in Bali designated by UNESCO as cultural landscape. Organization management of Subak of Jatiluwih is based on the principle of the philosophy of Tri Hita Karana which aims to achieve and to implement the harmony among the members of Subak, between members of Subak with environment/nature, and with The Creator/God.